Symptoms of Mesothelioma
Symptoms of mesothelioma may not be appear until 02 to 51 years of age after exposure to asbestos. Redundance of breath & chest pain due to fluid buildup in pleura are often symptoms of pleural mesothelioma. Symptoms of peritoneal mesothelioma include weight loss, abdominal pain, and bloating due to fluid buildup in the abdomen. Other symptoms of peritoneal mesothelioma cancer includes bowel obstruction, abnormal blood clotting, anemia, and fever. If the mesothelioma cancer spread further on the mesothelium to parts of the body, symptoms may include pain, difficulty swallowing, or swelling of the neck or face. These symptoms can be caused by mesothelioma or other less serious conditions. It is important to see your doctor about any of these symptoms. Only a doctor can make a diagnosis. Once mesothelioma cancer is diagnosed, the chances of a cure vary depending on several factors, including the size and location of the tumor, the extent of its spread, and the patient’s age.
In general, the earlier mesothelioma is diagnosed, the greater the chances of survival. If you feel like you have experienced any of the typical symptoms of mesothelioma, see your doctor for professional advice.
Diagnosing mesothelioma is often difficult because the symptoms are similar to many other conditions. Diagnosis begins with an assessment of the patient’s medical history of mesothelioma, as well as a history of asbestos exposure. A physical exam may be done, including chest or abdominal x-rays and lung function tests. Computed tomography (or CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can also be helpful. A CT scan is a series of detailed images of areas inside the body taken by a computer connected to an X-ray machine. In an MRI scan, a strong magnet connected to a computer is used to take detailed images of areas within. inside the body. These images are displayed on a screen and can also be printed.
A biopsy is required to confirm the diagnosis of mesothelioma. During a biopsy, a surgeon or medical oncologist (a doctor who specializes in diagnosing and treating cancer) takes a sample of tissue for a pathologist to examine under a microscope. A biopsy can be done in different ways, depending on the location of the abnormal area. If the cancer is in the breast, the doctor may do a thoracoscopy. In this procedure, the doctor makes a small incision in the chest wall and places a thin, lighted tube called a thoracoscope in the chest between two ribs. Thoracoscopy allows the doctors to look the chest and obtain tissue samples. If the cancer is in the abdomen, the doctor may do a peritoneoscopy. For obtaining the tissue for examine, the doctor should makes a small hole in the abdomen and inserts a special instrument called a peritoneoscope into the abdominal cavity. If these procedures do not produce enough tissue, more extensive diagnostic surgery may be necessary.
If the diagnosis is mesothelioma, the doctor will want to know the stage of the disease and the extent of its spread. Staging involves in different type of testing in a careful efforts to find out if the cancer has spread and, if so, to any part of the body. Knowing the stages of the disease helps to doctor plan treatment of mesothelioma. Mesothelioma is described as localized if the cancer is only on the surface of the membrane where it started. It is classified as advanced if it spreads beyond the surface of the original membrane to other parts of the body, such as the lymph nodes, lungs, chest wall, or abdominal organs.